- Troy Steiner, Penn State Univ.
- Kenneth Levy, Penn State Univ.
- Joseph Brandenburg, Penn State Univ.
- Reginald Adams, Penn State Univ.
The extent to which a person’s self-concept is clearly and accurately defined predicts psychological well-being. Across three studies, we demonstrate that people with less clear self-concepts have inaccurate mental representations of themselves. These inaccurate self-images are explained by a narcissistic desire to conceal flaws, and these inaccuracies are in the direction of self-enhancement.