- Nicole Iannone, Penn State Fayette
- Megan McCarty, Amherst College
- Janice Kelly, Purdue Univ.
This study examined the effect of valence on reactions to being out of the loop. Participants either had complete access to an article necessary for an upcoming virtual group interaction or did not. The article concerned positive or negative information on taking summer classes. Being out of the loop on negative information was more threatening than being out of the loop on positive information.