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Description

Authors:

  • Vanessa Altamirano, California State Univ., Long Beach
  • Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati, Univ. of Southern California
  • Rosa Barahona, Univ. of Southern California
  • Yaneth Rodriguez, Univ. of Southern California
Tobacco retailers contribute to environmental cues that may lead to smoking initiation among youth (Rose et al., 2013). The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has regulated on tobacco retailers’ compliance at the point-of-sale (POS) (Lee et al., 2015). The current study examined differences among compliance with FDA regulations across tobacco retailers in ethnically diverse neighborhoods. Our study consisted of store audits on 679 tobacco retailers located in Southern California. In this study, a retailer was considered non-compliant if the retailer displayed FDA banned tobacco products, open cigarette boxes, cigarette packs less than 20, or free samples. A one-way ANOVA indicated a significant difference in FDA compliance rates among tobacco retailers in ethnically diverse neighborhoods, F(3, 663) = 4.190, p = .006. Specifically, tobacco retailers in African American neighborhoods (M = .16, SD = .44) were more likely to be non-compliant than tobacco retailers in other ethnic communities. Identifying the ethnic communities where tobacco retailers are more likely to be non-compliant, will assist the FDA with implementation of POS restrictions and can potentially reduce youth initiation rates.
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