- Atsuki Ito, Kyoto Univ.
- Matthias Gobel, UC Santa Barbara
- Yukiko Uchida, Kyoto Univ.
Research in independent cultures had shown that high status individuals signal dominance. However, investigating self-reported interactions between group leaders and members and measuring non-verbal behaviors, we found that high status individuals in interdependent cultures (Japan) did not signal any dominance. In addition, they were not perceived as more dominant by naive observers either.