- Fernanda Andrade, Towson Univ.
- Justin Buckingham, Towson Univ.
We explored whether combinations of implicit and explicit self-esteem moderate the effect of a threat on intent to self-improve. Compared to control participants, those with defensive high self-esteem (HSE) who failed a test of competence became averse to self-improvement, while those with secure HSE did not. Our results support the claim that detaching self-esteem from threats is maladaptive.